Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Profile


The title of King Charles Spaniel was bestowed upon these dogs during the reign of King Charles II, who adored his spaniels and would not be parted from them. A law that was passed by King Charles II, still stands today that these little dogs can enter any public place, including the houses of parliament!

These little dogs were used to warm the laps of nobility on carriage rides and in cold castles and buildings, so they really are the original lap dog.


Cavalier’s are pretty little dogs, with long flowing coats with long flowing feathers on their legs and beautiful long ears (I’d recommend tying the ears back out of the way at dinner time!!)

They have very long, flowing coats and come in a number of colors; Black and Tan, Ruby (Rich red whole color), Blenheim (chestnut and white), Tricolor (Black and white evenly spaced with tan markings).

Both dogs and bitches should stand between 30 – 33cm.


These are very happy, friendly dogs; they walk around with their head and tail held high. They are not nervous dogs and will welcome friends and strangers alike.

They like to be close to their people and will take every opportunity to sit on your lap or lie next to you in bed and fall asleep!

They are patient and get along well with children and other dogs and animals; they make wonderful family pets, and also make an excellent companion for the elderly.


Cavaliers require a moderate amount of grooming because of their long coats. A quick brush after walkies may be needed, because their flowing coats tend to pick up debris along the way!

Long flowing ears mean that care should be taken at feeding time or they get covered in dinner!


Cavaliers certainly enjoy their walks, and require a moderate amount of exercise. They relish the opportunity to get out and meet other people and dogs.

They will trot happily along beside you, head held high, taking in the sights and sounds!

Health Problems

Cavaliers are prone to heart murmurs, although generally lead a healthy, active life with this condition.

They can also suffer from slipping knee joints (subluxating patellas); the dog’s weight should be kept under control to reduce the potential problems caused by this condition. If it does lead to the knee popping out of its joint, surgery will be required.

Cavaliers also have the highest incidence of any breed of Mitral Valve Disease. A defect in the mitral valve (one of the 4 heart valves) causes backflow of blood into the left atrium, or mitral regurgitation. Less commonly, a narrowing of the valve can be identified. Because of the leaky valve, the heart is less efficient at pumping blood to the body.